Psychology Test 1 10 Questions | By Kent Young | Last updated: Jan 9, 2013 | Total Attempts: 793 Questions All questions 5 questions 6 questions 7 questions 8 questions 9 questions 10 questions Start studying Personality Psychology Exam 1. practice exam 1 ap english literature bleak house answers pogil answers ap chemistry combustion analysis personality psychology is interested in studying a person's ___, ___, and ___. personality psychology is interested in studying a person's ___, ___, and ___. all measures should look at the same thing and be related to the same thing. refers to an individual's characteristic patterns of thought, emotion, and behavior together with the psychological mechanisms (hidden or not) behind those patterns, psychoanalytic, psychoanalytic-social, trait, learning, cognitive social learning, humanistic. (T/2) 3. all-encompassing. d. b and c only e. a, b, and c are correct Answer: d From: textbook, p. 14-15 Which of the statements below are FALSE? Test Prep Plan - Take a practice test Introduction to Personality Psychology Chapter Exam Take this practice test to check your existing knowledge of the course material. which of the following methods provides the LEAST conducive evidence that a trait is heritable. Study Flashcards On Personality Psychology Exam #4 at Cram.com. is there stability over time in personality? you find these people at the center of the party, what is the biggest advantage of doing an experiment. 20834. Study Personality Psychology using smart web & mobile flashcards created by top students, teachers, and professors. ch 14 psychology quizlet personality, Sign in with a different account Create account. Each time we use one of these words, words like “talkative,” “quiet,” “active,” or “anxious,” to describe those around us, we are talking about a person’s personality—the characteristic ways that people differ from one another. Experimental method represents relationships with what 2 variables? Study Flashcards On Personality Psychology Exam #1 at Cram.com. how people use their personalities to get what they want. Some are active whereas others are couch potatoes. Start studying Personality Psychology Exam 1. T/F: behavior is a function of both the person and the situation, theory-hypothesis-research-back to theory. Clemson University. Chapter 16 Summary, Key Terms, and Self-Test Jorden A. Cummings. is there change over time in personality? measuring the relationship between the variables. Psychology Exam 2 5.0 1 Review Leave a rating STUDY PLAY Flashcards Learn Write Spell Test Match Created by blondie_805 Key concepts: Laissez Faire Leadership Magazines And Newspapers Need For Cognition Terms in this set (506) Even though you really dislike wearing a dress, D. compliance. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. the individual differences that are biologically based. b. this is the process of adding up, or averaging, several observations. Question 3 No two personalities are exactly alike. looking at the consistency in our scale items. Personality Test 1 216 terms by elmacapagal The term personality comes from the word persona, meaning a theatrical _____. It mostly depends on what the psychologist thinks personality is. should get the same results at a different test time. Prep for a quiz or learn for fun! people who score high on this trait using typically have high GPAs. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. consistency across items. consistency across raters. this is an event (often behavior) that one is going to measure. identify the relationship: the more you exercise your puppy, the less your puppy chews on things in your house. A type of personality test that A. a projective test 46. 191 Cards – 6 Decks – 24564. Some of the basic questions asked by psychologists, both historically and currently, include those about the relative roles of nature versus nurture in behaviour, free will versus determinism, accuracy versus inaccuracy, and conscious versus unconscious processing. consistency across time. There are always at least two _____ along each dimension. Not attempted to take this exam within the last three days. Since Personality psychology has competing viewpoints, it is considered a paradigm. Cognitive psychology, evolutionary psychology, and social-cultural psychology are some important contemporary approaches. there is no nature-nurture debate at the level of the individual. T/F: people show dramatic changes in personality over time. No manipulation by experimenter. abstraction. this is a testable prediction about the conditions under which an event will occur. people look at this in addition to twin studies to assess the heritability of personality. Psychologists typically use the term personality to refer to specific characteristics of . Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want! Health Details: Psychology Chapter 13-Personality Flashcards | Quizlet.Health Details: Start studying Psychology Chapter 13-Personality. This free personality test uniquely combines two powerful systems for evaluating personality type It is based on research originally conducted by Carl Jung in early 1900s that has been enhanced and built upon by other personality type researchers, practitioners and experts over the past 100 years. the hero is always defeating evil, often times suffers punishment for someone else, rescues people, etc... extraversion (orients people toward external, objective world) and introversion (orients people toward the inner, subjective world), the initial concrete experiencing of a phenomenon; not thinking or feeling anything about it, just establishing what is there and there is no reaction to it, interpret and understand the meaning of what is being perceived, evaluating the desirability or pleasantness of what is being perceived, when you form a hunch or form a conclusion without using any of the other functions; not thinking about it or evaluating your feelings, more of a gut feeling/reaction, the combination of two attitudes and four functions, both attitudes are present in everyone, however, one tends to be more dominant and conscious and the other is subordinate and unconscious; everyone has the capacity to use all four functions, but one becomes more highly differentiated and becomes superior to the others, psychoanalytic-social perspective: major assumptions, emphasis on ego, description of self, importance of interpersonal relationships, importance of social and cultural factors, second of six children; he always felt like he was in the shadow of his successful older brother; suffered a sickly childhood; was a mediocre student in school and his teachers told his dad that he wasn't cut out for college but he used that motivation to eventually rise to the top of his class; had a nine year association with Freud and met weekly to discuss psychoanalysis; later he became a vocal critic of Freud, adler assumed that humans are motivated by this; people have an innate potential for relating to others, a kinship to humanity; believes that this is a major role in personality development, refers to choosing a vocation which in turn allows that person to have feelings of self worth to the society, refers to friendship, cooperation, having empathy or others; the idea of getting along well with others, refers to the relationship between the sexes and finding a significant other, adler believed that to be a human means to feel inferior and when you feel this way it generates a struggle for perfection and to stop feeling inferior; all personality development comes from feelings of helplessness and inferiority; progress in life is always from a minus to a plus state, refers to the unique ways that people pursue their goals; everyone has the same goal of superiority, adler believed that is is formed by the time you are 4-5 and impacts how your achieve your goals for the rest of your life, negative childhood experiences, parental neglect, parental overindulgence, people who seek control to dominate others; people are selfish, vain, and overly competitive, people are dependent, passive, and possibly depressed, people who try to isolate themselves from others, avoid any kind of conflict or problems because if you engage in relationships with others you are going to have conflict, spoiled, selfish and self-centered, sense of entitlement, unrealistic sense of their worth, overly attached to mom, lacking social skills because they don't have built-in playmates, independent, bossy and dominating, protective, responsible; "dethroned" when the next sibling comes and they usually don't like to share the attention, competitive with other siblings, envious of first-born, more likely to be rebellious, least likely to be spoiled, outgoing and popular with peers, able to "get away" with the most things, more dependent and spoiled, often a problem child, parents have high expectations (which affect the children); parents are more affectionate but also more punitive with them; score higher on intelligence tests; tend to be more conforming to both parent's and other adult's requests and expectations, parent's generally have more realistic expectations; tend to be more relaxed with their discipline; children are less concerned about pleasing the adults around them and so they tend to be more popular and have more peer support and succeed more in peer relationships, research suggests that if children are spaced 5 years or more apart they function like only children; if you are the only girl in a family of all boys, she'll get extra attention regardless of birth order, abandoned by his father before he was born, he was raised by his mother and his jewish stepfather; wasn't a good student in school and decided not to go to college; got involved in psychology because he painted portraits of children and met up with Anna Freud and she asked him if he'd be interested in child psychoanalysis; became the first child analysis in Boston in 1933; ended up teaching at Yale, Cal Berkley, and Harvard without a college degree, refers to a union of your physical needs as well as cultural environmental forces that have an affect on the individual, at each stage there are two opposing poles, if you successfully resolve the crisis at each stage it helps you move along in terms of gain a sense of identity and sense of self; you want a favorable ratio where you have more of the good pole and less of the bad pole, begins at birth to 18 months; trust results from infant's sense that it can count on satisfaction of its needs; mistrust results when the infant feels abandoned and helpless and not getting its needs met, hope, the enduring belief that basic satisfactions are attainable and continues with you for the rest of your life, second stage: autonomy vs. shame and doubt, occurs around 18 months to 2-3 years; the development of motor skills leads to independence and feelings of power; shame and doubt is the idea that even though you can do a lot of things yourself, you still have to depend on others for a lot of things (also the loss of self-control), will power, the ability to make choices and demonstrate independence while still taking into consideration other people's needs, occurs at age 3-4; appearance of conscience puts a restrain on your behaviors and you start to consider consequences; initiative means acting on your desires and potentials; guilt refers to when you are unable to restrain by initiatives, purpose, which is the "courage to pursue valued goals guided by conscience but not paralyzed by guilt", age 5 through puberty; focus is on performance in school; industry refers to a child applying themselves to learning; inferiority refers to the child perceiving their skills/status to be inferior to their peers; parents and teachers determine how well children perceive their abilities, competence, the skill and intelligence in pursuing and completing tasks, occurs during puberty; identity refers to the confidence that others see us as we see ourselves; role confusion refers to the way you see yourself is very different as other's see you, fidelity, (according to erikson) this is the cornerstone to personality and identity, occurs at the end of adolescence to age 35; establishing independence from your parents, begin functioning as a mature, responsible adult which means getting a job, establishing intimate relationships, becoming financially independent; intimacy is the capability to commit to a relationship without losing your identity; isolation occurs if a young adult cannot commit to such relationships, love, you need to love and be happy with yourself first before you can commit and love someone else, seventh stage: generativity vs. stagnation, occurs from age 35 to 55/65; generativity refers to the concern with establishing and guiding the next generation, if you fail to do this you have stagnation, be a good parent, be in a profession that helps or guides people, volunteer in schools or participate in intern programs, become a coach for younger people, care, a broadening concern for the future generation, occurs after age 55/65 until death; integrity refers to having something of interest and value to share with the next generation, being able to give up leadership in the present; despair refers to the feeling that time is too short to achieve integrity and the feeling that you've done nothing in your life of any importance, must do more than just reflect on the past; have to remain active participants in life and seek out challenges and stimulation; do volunteer work and develop new interests, wisdom, an active concern with life in the face of death, important characteristics of marcia's four identity status, when the adolescent is consciously choosing among various alternatives, psychological investment in a course of action or ideology, exploration yes, commitment yes; explored all options and then made a commitment, exploration no, commitment yet; exploration is absent but commitment is present, exploration is present but commitment is absent, father was a sea captain and education was for men, however her mom supported her desires for education; goal was to study medicine; moved to US in 1932 to escape her unhappy marriage, here she broke from Freud's ideas and started questioning his ideas, argued that only neurotic women have penis envy and doesn't mean that all women are jealous or want a penis; argued that it was a reflection of the era, they weren't jealous of the penis, they were jealous of the symbol of the penis, men are envious of women because women are able to give birth and men are not; men have such a small role in act of creating life compared to women; men overcompensate for this by achieving success at work, coping techniques that begin in childhood and develop in response to basic anxiety; we all manifest neurotic needs to some degree, needs become neurotic when a person clings to them and becomes rigid to using needs to cope in an inflexible, nontransient way, striving to be liked and pleasing to other people, want to live up to expectations of others; dread is assertiveness and anger, seeking to be taken over by another through love, overvalues love and really wants to be consumed by someone else in a love relationships; dread is being alone, trying to be undemanding and inconspicuous, to be content with little, values modesty; dread is being a bother or a burden, seeking domination and control over others; dread is weakness and that you are not in control, taking advantage of other people, using other people, trying to figure out how you can always gain from interactions; dread is being seen as either stupid or gullible, seeking public acceptance; dread is humiliation, striving to be the best, being ambitious, enjoying defeating others; dread is failure, a self inflating sense of admiration, want admiration for an idealized self-interest and that you are better than you really are; dread is being seen as human or as someone with flaws who is imperfect, trying to not need other people and maintain distance, longer, don't want to have to need anyone; dread is closeness, being drive towards superiority, fearful of making mistakes, constantly searching for their own mistakes so they can fix them or cover them up before other people realize it; dread is flaws and criticism, (affection and approval, having a partner, narrowly restricting one's life) compliant type of people, (power, exploiting others, social recognition or prestige, personal achievement) aggressive type of people, (personal admiration, self sufficiency/independence, perfection) detached type of people, fear of losing a relationship that is seen as the best available means of satisfying an insatiable concern for affection and incessant demands for unconditional love, these people show a fear of losing someone's love that is out of proportion, emphasis on interpersonal relationships; most important part of life is our relationships, emotionally important people are called "objects"; we can only relate to other people via the images that we hold of them in our minds, four principle themes of object relations theory, every relationship has in it elements of satisfaction and frustration or pleasure and pain, every relationship mixes love and hate (it is inevitable), an important distinction needs to be made between parts of the love object and the whole person (may be impossible to actually love the whole person because you are always focusing on the parts that benefit you personally), the psyche of the baby and the adult is aware of and disturbed by these contradictory feelings. 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